There are several key details in these events that should be of interest.
As Michael Howard (of Microsoft Security Development Lifecycle fame) points out and Robert Hensing confirms, Windows Vista with Bitlocker Drive Encryption installed (most specifically the use of the Trusted Platform Modules (TPMs), as I have discussed here many times) is immune to these types of attacks. It's not because the drive is encrypted; it's because the TPM validates the chain of trust, starting with the building blocks-- including the MBR.
But that's not the only interesting thing in this story. What's interesting is best found in Symantec's coverage on the latest MBR rootkit (Trojan.Mebroot) that has been recently found in the wild:
"Analysis of Trojan.Mebroot shows that its current code is at least partially copied from the original eEye BootRoot code. The kernel loader section, however, has been modified to load a custom designed stealth back door Trojan 467 KB in size, stored in the last sectors of the disk."That's right. Our friends at eEye who have been busy hacking the products we use to run our businesses in order to show us the emperor hath no clothes created the first Proof of Concept "bootkit":
"As we have seen, malicious code that modifies a system's MBR is not a new idea – notable research in the area of MBR-based rootkits was undertaken by Derek Soeder of eEye Digital Security in 2005. Soeder created “BootRoot”, a PoC (Proof-of-Concept) rootkit that targets the MBR."